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Andalusia

Andalusia


       Originally named the USS Volunteer (ID #3242), the 7,955 ton collier

ship was built in Alameda, California, in 1918 (launched on May 18,

  1. 1918)and was taken over by the Navy on August 23rd of that same year.      


wreck of the andalusia


       The Volunteer was built by the Bethlehem Shipbuilding Corp. for the

United States Shipping Board, Lt. Commander. John G. Moreno, USNRF, in

command.  She measured 410 feet long, with a beam of 56 feet, draft 30

feet 6 inches, she displaced 16,100 tons, and she could top out at

10.5 knots.

       The Volunteer set sail from San Francisco on September 7th 1918,

bound for the Far East. During that voyage, she made port calls at

Shanghai and Hong Kong before arriving at Manila on October 24th. From

there, she moved south to Iloilo on the island of Panay, located in

the central Philippines.

       She reached port on November 6th and after a false start and a return

for additional fuel, finally set course back to the United States on

December 8th. The Volunteer reached Oahu on New Year's Day 1919 and

remained in Hawaii until the 9th when she then got underway for the

east coast. The collier ship arrived in New York City on February 15th

1919. Twelve days later, on February 27th, 1919, she was placed out of

commission and was ordered to return to the United States Shipping

Board.

       After a short run in service, the USS Volunteer was struck from the

Navy list that same day (Feb. 27th), but remained in the possession of

the US Shipping Board until 1937. At that time she was sold to the

Lykes Brothers-Ripley Steamship Co. of New Orleans, Louisiana.
Around

this time the Lykes Bros. began selling its older tonnage and

replacing them with modern C type ships. By the end of 1940, 35 new

ships were delivered to the company; the USS Volunteer, renamed SS

Volunteer, was one of them. The steamship company served as a general agent for the War Shipping Administration during World War II. The

Lykes Bros. operated the vessel under the name SS Volunteer until

1946, when it was sold to the Triton Shipping Company of New York in

1947.

       Renamed the Andalusia, Triton (also under Arm. Transatlantica

Panamanian registry) had her delivering various cargos around North

America.

       On Friday night November 4th, 1949, while carrying a load of

5,000,000-foot lumber to the Atlantic Coast from Vancouver, a fire

started in the engine room. The Captain George Lemos and his crew had

the fire extinguished in about 1 ½ hours, but the damage had been

done. While trying to fight the fire the large vessel ran aground on a

large pinnacle near Neah Bay.

       Saturday morning the Coast Guard attempted to refloat the battered

Andalusia, but the attempts were futile. That same day the Coast Guard

reported she was taking on water and the engine room plates were

heavily damaged. 19 of the crew were offloaded but the Captain and 8

crewmen stayed behind to try and rescue the damaged ship.

       The battle continued when on Monday, November 7th, rivets were heard popping from the hull plates. Two attempts were made by salvage tugs to pull her free over the weekend but the battered ship merely shifted

her weight and held her ground.

       Tuesday November 8th, seven tugs attempted to pull the Andalusia free of the rocks but quickly decided to halt further attempts until the

lumber was offloaded. Two Canadian tugs were en route to Vancouver BC

to pick up two large barges to transfer the cargo. That same day the

weather threatened to bash the vessel with larger waves and an

impending storm with 50 mph winds, so the Captain and remaining crew

were removed from the dying freighter.

       Wednesday November 9th, attempts were ceased to remove the lumber onto two barges. The storm continued to take toll on the stranded

ship.

       Thursday November 10th, in the early morning hours the beaten Collier ship breaks up.


wreck of the andalusia


       Friday November 11th, famous photographs were taken of the mighty

Andalusia broken in half (just forward of the funnel), tugs trying to

salvage the two halves, by beaching them near Bowman Beach.

       Attempts at saving the Andalusia finally failed when she gave in to

the sea and sank in two pieces in approximately 60 feet of water. A

portion of cargo was removed before the aft section sank.


wreck of the andalusia
 
wreck of the andalusia
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